362 The human person, created in the image of God, is a being at once corporeal and spiritual. The biblical account expresses this reality in symbolic language when it affirms that “then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.”229 Man, whole and entire, is therefore willed by God.
363 In Sacred Scripture the term “soul” often refers to human life or the entire human person.230 But “soul” also refers to the innermost aspect of man, that which is of greatest value in him,231 that by which he is most especially in God’s image: “soul” signifies the spiritual principle in man.
364 The human body shares in the dignity of “the image of God”: it is a human body precisely because it is animated by a spiritual soul, and it is the whole human person that is intended to become, in the body of Christ, a temple of the Spirit:232
365 The unity of soul and body is so profound that one has to consider the soul to be the “form” of the body:234 i.e., it is because of its spiritual soul that the body made of matter becomes a living, human body; spirit and matter, in man, are not two natures united, but rather their union forms a single nature.
366 The Church teaches that every spiritual soul is created immediately by God – it is not “produced” by the parents – and also that it is immortal: it does not perish when it separates from the body at death, and it will be reunited with the body at the final Resurrection.235
367 Sometimes the soul is distinguished from the spirit: St. Paul for instance prays that God may sanctify his people “wholly”, with “spirit and soul and body” kept sound and blameless at the Lord’s coming.236The Church teaches that this distinction does not introduce a duality into the soul.237 “Spirit” signifies that from creation man is ordered to a supernatural end and that his soul can gratuitously be raised beyond all it deserves to communion with God.238
368 The spiritual tradition of the Church also emphasizes the heart, in the biblical sense of the depths of one’s being, where the person decides for or against God.239
ARTICLE 3: "HE WAS CONCEIVED BY THE POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT, AND WAS BORN OF THE VIRGIN MARY" Paragraph 1. The Son of God Became Man I. Why Did the Word Become Flesh? II. The Incarnation III. True God and True Man IV. How Is the Son of God Man? IN BRIEF Paragraph 2. "Conceived by the Power of the Holy Spirit and Born of the Virgin Mary" I. Conceived by the Power of the Holy Spirit. . . II. . . .Born of the Virgin Mary IN BRIEF Paragraph 3. "The Mysteries of Christ's Life" I. Christ's Whole Life Is Mystery II. The Mysteries of Jesus' Infancy and Hidden Life III. The Mysteries of Jesus' Public Life IN BRIEF ARTICLE 4: "JESUS CHRIST SUFFERED UNDER PONTIUS PILATE, WAS CRUCIFIED, DIED, AND WAS BURIED" Paragraph 1. Jesus and Israel I. Jesus and the Law II. Jesus and the Temple III. Jesus and Israel's Faith in the One God and Savior IN BRIEF Paragraph 2. Jesus Died Crucified I. The Trial of Jesus II. Christ's Redemptive Death in God's Plan of Salvation III. Christ Offered Himself to his Father for Our Sins IN BRIEF Paragraph 3. Jesus Christ Was Buried IN BRIEF ARTICLE 5: "HE DESCENDED INTO HELL ON THE THIRD DAY HE ROSE AGAIN" Paragraph 1. Christ Descended into Hell IN BRIEF Paragraph 2. On the Third Day He Rose from the Dead I. The Historical and Transcendent Event II. The Resurrection - A Work of the Holy Trinity III. The Meaning and Saving Significance of the Resurrection IN BRIEF ARTICLE 6: "HE ASCENDED INTO HEAVEN AND IS SEATED" AT THE RIGHT HAND OF THE FATHER" IN BRIEF ARTICLE 7: "FROM THENCE HE WILL COME AGAIN" TO JUDGE THE LIVING AND THE DEAD" I. He Will Come Again in Glory II. To Judge the Living and the Dead IN BRIEF CHAPTER THREE: I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT ARTICLE 8: "I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT" I. The Joint Mission of the Son and the Spirit II. The Names, Titles, and Symbols of the Holy Spirit III. God's Spirit and Word in the Time of the Promises IV. The Spirit of Christ in the Fullness of Time V. The Spirit and the Church in the Last Days IN BRIEF ARTICLE 9: "I BELIEVE IN THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH" Paragraph 1. The Church in God's Plan I. Names and Images of the Church II. The Church's Origin, Foundation, and Mission III. The Mystery of the Church IN BRIEF Paragraph 2. The Church - People of God, Body of Chrict, Temple of the Holy Spirit I. The Church - People of God II. The Church - Body of Chirst III. The Church is the Temple of the Holy Spirit IN BRIEF Paragraph 3. The Church is One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic I. The Church Is One II. The Church Is Holy III. The Church Is Catholic IV. The Church Is Apostolic IN BRIEF Paragraph 4. Christ's Faithful - Hierarchy, Laity, Consecrated Life I. The Hierarchical Constitution of the Church II. The Lay Faithful III. The Consecrated Life IN BRIEF Paragraph 5. The Communion of Saints I. Communion in Spiritual Goods II. The Communion of the Church of Heaven and Earth IN BRIEF Paragraph 6. Mary - Mother of Christ, Mother of the Church I. Mary's Motherhood with Regard to the Church II. Devotion to the Blessed Virgin III. Mary - Eschatological Icon of the Church IN BRIEF ARTICLE 10: "I BELIEVE IN THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS" I. One Baptism for the Forgiveness of Sins II. The Power of the Keys IN BRIEF ARTICLE 11: "I BELIEVE IN THE RESURRECTION OF THE BODY" I. Christ's Resurrection and Ours II. Dying in Jesus Christ IN BRIEF ARTICLE 12: "I BELIEVE IN LIFE EVERLASTING" I. The Particular Judgement II. Heaven III. The Final Purification, or Purgatory IV. Hell V. The Last Judgement VI. The Hope of the New Heaven and the New Earth IN BRIEF "Amen" PART TWO - THE CELEBRATION OF THE CHRISTIAN MYSTERY SECTION ONE: THE SACRAMENTAL ECONOMY CHAPTER ONE: THE PASCHAL MYSTERY IN THE AGE OF THE CHURCH ARTICLE 1: THE LITURGY - WORK OF THE HOLY TRINITY I. The Father - Source and Goal of the Liturgy II. Christ's Work in the Liturgy III. The Holy Spirit and the Church in the Liturgy IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: THE PASCHAL MYSTERY IN THE CHURCH'S SACRAMENTS I. The Sacraments of Christ II. The Sacraments of the Church III. The Sacraments of Faith IV. The Sacraments of Salvation V. The Sacraments of Eternal Life IN BRIEF CHAPTER TWO: THE SACRAMENTAL CELEBRATION ARTICLE 1: CELEBRATING THE CHURCH'S LITURGY I. Who Celebrates? II. How Is the Liturgy Celebrated? III. When Is the Liturgy Celebrated? IV. Where Is the Liturgy Celebrated? IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: LITURGICAL DIVERSITY AND THE UNITY OF THE MYSTERY IN BRIEF SECTION TWO: THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH CHAPTER ONE: THE SACRAMENTS OF CHRISTIAN INITIATION ARTICLE 1: THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM I. What Is the Sacarament Called? II. Baptism in the Economy of Salvation III. How Is the Sacrament of Baptism Celebrated? IV. Who Can Receive Baptism? V. Who Can Baptize? VI. The Necessity of Baptism? VII. The Grace of Baptism IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: THE SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION I. Confirmation in the Economy of Salvation II. The Signs and the Rite of Confirmation III. The Effects of Confirmation IV. Who Can Receive This Sacrament? V. The Minister of Confirmation IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: THE SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST I. The Eucharist - Source and Summit of the Ecclesial Life II. What Is This Sacrament Called? III. The Eucharist in the Economy of Salvation IV. The Liturgical Celebration of the Eucharist V. The Sacramental Sacrifice: Thanksgiving, Memorial, Presence VI. The Pascal Banquet VII. The Eucharist - "Pledge of the Glory to Come" IN BRIEF CHAPTER TWO: THE SACRAMENTS OF HEALING ARTICLE 4: THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE AND RECONCILIATION I. What Is This Sacrament Called? II. Why a Sacrament of Reconciliation after Baptism? III. The Conversion of the Baptized IV. Interior Penance V. The Many Forms of Penance in Christian Life VI. The Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation VII. The Acts of the Penitent VIII. The Minister of This Sacrament IX. The Effects of This Sacrament X. Indulgences XI. The Celbration of the Sacrament of Penance IN BRIEF ARTICLE 5: THE ANOINTING OF THE SICK I. It's Foundation in the Economy of Salvation II. Who Recieves and Who Administers This Sacramant? III. How Is This Sacrament Celebrated? IV. The Effects of the Celebration of This Sacrament V. Viaticum, the Last Sacrament of the Christian IN BRIEF CHAPTER THREE: THE SACRAMENTS AT THE SERVICE OF COMMUNION ARTICLE 6: THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY ORDERS I. Why Is This Sacrament Called "Orders"? II. The Sacramant of Holy Orders in the Economy of Salvation III. The Three Degrees of the Sacrament of Holy Orders IV. The Celebration of This Sacrament V. Who Can Confer This Sacrament? VI. Who Can Receive This Sacrament? VII. The Effects of the Sacrament of Holy Orders IN BRIEF ARTICLE 7: THE SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY I. Marriage in God's Plan II. The Celebration of Marriage III. Matrimonial Consent IV. The Effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony V. The Goods and Requirements of Conjugal Love VI. The Domestic Church IN BRIEF CHAPTER FOUR: OTHER LITURGICAL CELEBRATIONS ARTICLE 1: SACRAMENTALS IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: CHRISTIAN FUNERALS I. The Christian's Last Passover II. The Celebration of Funerals PART THREE - LIFE IN CHRIST SECTION ONE: MAN'S VOCATION: LIFE IN THE SPIRIT CHAPTER ONE: THE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON ARTICLE 1: MAN: THE IMAGE OF GOD IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: OUR VOCATION TO BEATITUDE I. The Beatitudes II. The Desire for Happiness III. Christian Beatitude IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: MAN'S FREEDOM I. Freedom and Responsibility II. Human Freedom in the Economy of Salvation IN BRIEF ARTICLE 4: THE MORALITY OF HUMAN ACTS I. The Sources of Morality II. Good Acts and Evil Acts IN BRIEF ARTICLE 5: THE MORALITY OF THE PASSIONS I. Passions II. Passions and Moral Life IN BRIEF ARTICLE 6: MORAL CONSCIENCE I. The Judgement of Conscience II. The Formation of Conscience III. To Choose in Accord with Conscience IV. Erroneous Judgement IN BRIEF ARTICLE 7: THE VIRTUES I. The Human Virtues II. The Theological Virtues III. The Gifts and Fruits of the Holy Spirit IN BRIEF ARTICLE 8: SIN I. Mercy and Sin II. The Definition of Sin III. The Different Kinds of Sins IV. The Gravity of Sin: Mortal and Venial Sin V. The Proliferation of Sin IN BRIEF CHAPTER TWO: THE HUMAN COMMUNITY ARTICLE 1: THE PERSON AND SOCIETY I. The Communal Character of the Human Vocation II. Conversion and Society IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: PARTICIPATION IN SOCIAL LIFE I. Authority II. The Common Good III. Responsibility and Participation IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: SOCIAL JUSTICE I. Respect for the Human Person II. Equality and Differences among Men III. Human Solidarity IN BRIEF CHAPTER THREE: GOD'S SALVATION: LAW AND GRACE ARTICLE 1: THE MORAL LAW I. The Natural Moral Law II. The Old Law III. The New Law or the Law of the Gospel IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: GRACE AND JUSTIFICATION I. Justification II. Grace III. Merit IV. Christian Holiness IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: THE CHURCH, MOTHER AND TEACHER I. Moral Life and the Magisterium of the Church II. The Precepts of the Church III. Moral Life and Missionary Witness IN BRIEF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS SECTION TWO: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS IN BRIEF CHAPTER ONE: "YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOU GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND" ARTICLE 1: THE FIRST COMMANDMENT I. "You Shall Worship the Lord Your God and Him Only Shall You Serve" II. "Him Only Shall You Serve" III. "You Shall Have No Other Gods before Me" IV. "You Shall Not Make for Yourself a Graven Image" IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: THE SECOND COMMANDMENT I. The Name of the Lord Is Holy II. Taking the Name of the Lord in Vain III. The Christian Name IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: THE THIRD COMMANDMENT I. The Sabbath Day II. The Lord's Day IN BRIEF CHAPTER TWO: "YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF" ARTICLE 4: THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT I. The Family in God's Plan II. The Family and Society III. The Duties of Family and the Kingdom IV. The Family and the Kingdom V. The Authorities in Civil Society IN BRIEF ARTICLE 5: THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT I. Respect for Human Life II. Respect for the Dignity of Persons III. Safeguarding Peace IN BRIEF ARTICLE 6: THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT I. "Male and Female He Created Them . . ." II. The Vocation to Chastity III. The Love of Husband and Wife IV. Offenses against the Dignity of Marriage IN BRIEF ARTICLE 7: THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT I. The Universal Destination and the Private Ownership of Goods II. Respect for Persons and Their Goods III. The Social Doctrine of the Church IV. Economic Activity and Social Justice V. Justice and Solidarity among Nations VI. Love for the Poor IN BRIEF ARTICLE 8: THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT I. Living in the Truth II. To Bear Witness to the Truth III. Offenses against Truth IV. Respect for the Truth V. The Use of the Social Communications Media VI. Truth, Beauty, and Sacred Art IN BRIEF ARTICLE 9: THE NINTH COMMANDMENT I. Purification of the Heart II. The Battle for Purity IN BRIEF ARTICLE 10: THE TENTH COMMANDMENT I. The Disorder of Covetous Desires II. The Desires of the Spirit III. Poverty of Heart IV. "I Want to See God" IN BRIEF PART FOUR - CHRISTIAN PRAYER SECTION ONE: PRAYER IN THE CHRISTIAN LIFE WHAT IS PRAYER? CHAPTER ONE: THE REVELATION OF PRAYER THE UNIVERSAL CALL TO PRAYER ARTICLE 1: IN THE OLD TESTAMENT IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: IN THE FULLNESS OF TIME IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: IN THE AGE OF THE CHURCH I. Blessing and Adoration II. Prayer of Petition III. Prayer of Intercession IV. Prayer of Thanksgiving V. Prayer of Praise IN BRIEF CHAPTER TWO: THE TRADITION OF PRAYER ARTICLE 1: AT THE WELLSPRINGS OF PRAYER IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: THE WAY OF PRAYER IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: GUIDES FOR PRAYER CHAPTER THREE: THE LIFE OF PRAYER ARTICLE 1: EXPRESSIONS OF PRAYER I. Vocal Prayer II. Meditation III. Contemplative Prayer IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: THE BATTLE OF PRAYER I. Objections to Prayer II. Humble Vigilance of Heart III. Filial Trust IV. Perserving in Love IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: THE PRAYER OF THE HOUR OF JESUS IN BRIEF SECTION TWO: THE LORD'S PRAYER: "OUR FATHER!" ARTICLE 1: "THE SUMMARY OF THE WHOLE GOSPEL" I. At the Center of the Scriptures II. "The Lord's Prayer" III. The Prayer of the Church IN BRIEF ARTICLE 2: "OUR FATHER WHO ART IN HEAVEN" I. "We Dare to Say" II. "Father!" III. "Our" Father IV. "Who Art in Heaven" IN BRIEF ARTICLE 3: "THE SEVEN PETITIONS" I. "Hallowed Be Thy Name" II. "Thy Kingdom Come" III. "The Will Be Done on Earth as It Is in Heaven" IV. "Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread" V. "And Forgive us Our Trespasses, as We Forgive Those Who Trespass against Us" VI. "And Lead Us Not into Temptation" VII. "But Deliver Us From Evil" ARTICLE 4: THE FINAL DOXOLOGY IN BRIEF ABBREVIATIONS